31st infantry division korea
One of the battalion’s most significant actions in Iraq was providing security at polling centers in the Kadhamiya area during the first Iraqi national elections in January 2005 before returning to Fort Drum in June. It is now the regiment's only battalion on the active rolls. They also dissuaded their 40,000 Japanese allies from taking control of Russian territory. We seek to educate future Americans to fully appreciate the sacrifices that generations of American Soldiers have made to safeguard the freedoms of this Nation. The Army Historical Foundation is the designated official fundraising organization for the National Museum of the United States Army. For the next 2 years, the 31st and its sister, the 27th Infantry Regiment, fought off bands of Red revolutionaries and White counter-revolutionaries that were plundering the Siberian countryside and trying to gain control of the Trans-Siberian Railroad. Captain Short, who was promoted to the rank of major after his release from captivity, returned to Corregidor on the orders of Major General R.J. Marshall, Deputy Chief of Staff, U.S. Armed Forces, Pacific Theater, to find the buried Shanghai Bowl. In 1971, the 2d Battalion was deactivated in Korea. There it rebuilt, retrained, and refitted and was soon back in combat, stopping the Chinese at Chechon, South Korea and participating in the counteroffensive to retake central Korea. In almost 100 years of service, the 31st Infantry Regiment has played a role in every major conflict and military operation involving the U.S. Army from World War I to the Global War on Terrorism. The 31st Infantry was reconstituted on 19 January 1946 from the personnel of the 184th Infantry Regiment, California National Guard, and attached to the 7th Infantry Division in Korea during the Allied occupation. After two years of patrolling against North Korean guerrillas along the 38th Parallel, the 31st Infantry along with the 7th Infantry Division were sent to the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido where they underwent constant physical and combat training. In October 2009 TF 4–31 returned to Iraq for an 8-month deployment. He was with the leading element of the Second Battalion moving north to link up with friendly units when the column was attacked by enemy who were entrenched and concentrated on high ground along the route of advance.  At 4 a.m. the North Koreans began an artillery barrage on the division's positions along the 38th Parallel. The Bowl and Cups were found a yard and a half from where Cpt. When hostilities broke out in Korea on 25 June 1950, many of the 7th Division’s experienced personnel were reassigned as replacements for divisions already deployed in the Pusan perimeter. Task Force 4–31 deployed again to Iraq for 15 months, beginning 16 August 2006. When Bataan fell to the Japanese in April 1942 it became obvious that the 31st would be forced to surrender. We seek to educate future Americans to fully appreciate the sacrifices that generations of American Soldiers have made to safeguard the freedoms of this Nation. The regiment was broken up into several detachments and posted at critical points along the crucial 81-mile rail branch of the Trans-Siberian railroad to the vital coal mines in the Suchan river valley northeast of Vladivostok. He was seriously wounded by the enemy in North Korea on September 6, 1952 and returned to duty on September 13, 1952 and was Killed in Action while fighting the enemy in North Korea on May 14, 1953. Assigned to the 9th Infantry Division, 6/31 Infantry conducted operations in the Mekong Delta and the Plain of Reeds region near Cambodia for two years. The 31st Infantry fought against desperate odds on the east side of the Chosin Reservoir from the night of 27 November until 1 December while the Marines did likewise on the west side. When the Army restructured its regimental designations later in the 1980s, the three battalions of the 32nd Infantry … Korea - Fallen. As a result, the 7th Division received 8,000 untrained South Korean civilians—the first KATUSAs (Korean Augmentation to the U.S. Army)—to help bring units up to strength in August. Unfortunately, the peninsula had not been provisioned with food and medicine and no help could come in from the outside after much of the Pacific fleet was destroyed at Pearl Harbor and mid-ocean bases at Guam and Wake Island were lost. As America and its coalition partners struck back, the Polar Bears of the 4th Battalion deployed to Afghanistan, fighting in the Shah-I-Kowt Valley region and successfully eliminating it as a safe haven for international terrorism. Dickey County, ND. The 31st Infantry Regiment was formed at Fort William McKinley, Philippine Islands on 13 August 1916 from cadre from the 8th, 13th, 15th, and 27th Infantry Regiments. Arriving on 2 February, the 31st assisted in providing security in and around the International Settlement while Chinese and Japanese troops fought in the streets within view of sentries. Short had remembered them to be. When this demand was refused, partisans launched attacks on trains along the Suchan branch. The current 31st Infantry has no relation by lineage to the first regiment. Despite dwindling supplies and mounting losses, the the 31st and other units defending Bataan managed to halt the Japanese advance and forced them to withdraw and await reinforcements from China over the next several weeks before renewing their offensive. The so-called Shanghai Bowl has become a very important symbol of the lineage of the 31st Infantry Regiment. In 1948, the occupation of Korea ended and the regiment moved to the Japanese island of Hokkaido, occupying the land of its former tormentor. Pfc Charles H. Barker U.S. Army K Co. 17th Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division Sokkogae, Korea Master Sergeant Benjamin F. Wilson U.S. Army I Co., 31st Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division Hwach'on-Myob, Korea. Task Force 4–31 suffered 28 soldiers killed in action. They conducted over 50 air assaults and three amphibious operations, and fired nearly 400 counter-fire artillery missions against enemy forces and in support of troops in contact. source: 23rd Anniversary Organization Day, 13 August 1939, http://www.31stinfantry.org/regimental_commanders.htm, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from the United States Army Center of Military History, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Infantry regiments of the United States Army, United States Army units and formations in the Korean War, United States military in the Philippines, Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, Military units of the United States Army in South Korea, United States Army Center of Military History, http://web.archive.org/web/20100609010022/http://www.history.army.mil/html/forcestruc/spdes-123-ra_ar.html, http://www.31stinfantry.org/medal_of_honor.htm, http://www.31stinfantry.org/distringuished_service_cross.htm, http://web.archive.org/web/20101231181433/http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/koreanwar.html, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/31st_Infantry_Regiment_(United_States)?oldid=4660155, Presidential Unit Citation (Army) – Luzon 1941–1942, Presidential Unit Citation (Army) – Bataan, Presidential Unit Citation (Army) – Defense of the Philippines, Presidential Unit Citation (Army) – Quang Tin Province (Vietnam) (4th Battalion), Presidential Unit Citation (Navy) - [Hwechon Reservoir], Valorous Unit Award – Que Son-Hiep Duc (4th Battalion), Valorous Unit Award – Saigon (6th Battalion), Valorous Unit Award – Parrot's Beak (6th Battalion), Valorous Unit Award – Iraq 2006–2007 (4th Battalion), Meritorious Unit Commendation – Iraq 2005 (4th Battalion), Philippine Presidential Unit Citation – 1941–1942, Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation – Inchon, Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation – Korea 1950–1953, Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation – Korea 1946–1950, 1953–1957, Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm – April–June 1968 (6th Battalion), Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm – July–November 1968 (6th Battalion), Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm – 1969 (4th and 6th Battalions), Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm – 1969–1970 (4th and 6th Battalions), Vietnamese Civic Action Honor Medal, First Class – 1968–1969 (6th Battalion), Vietnamese Civic Action Honor Medal, First Class – 1969–1970 (6th Battalion), COL Walter H. Gordon (1 August 1916 to 26 June 1917), COL Frederic H. Sargent (27 June 1917 to 1 October 1919), COL Fred W. Bugbee (2 October 1919 to 4 April 1920), COL Ralph H. Van Deman (5 April 1920 to 6 April 1923), LTC F. C. Endicott (7 April 1932 to 17 October 1923), COL William Uline (18 Oct 1923 to 8 Jan 1924; 3 June 1924 to 4 July 1925; 5 Oct to 3 Nov 1925), LTC H. Clay M. Supplee (4 November 1925 to 22 February 1926), COL Daniel G. Berry (23 February 1926 to 15 February 1928), COL James H. Kimbrough (16 February 1928 to 11 March 1930), COL Earle W. Tanner (12 March 1930 to 4 August 1930), COL E. L. Hooper (5 August 1930 to 8 December 1930), COL Gustave A. Wieser (9 December 1930 to 29 January 1931), LTC G. A. Lynch (24 February 1931 to 17 June 1931), COL Lorenzo D. Gasser (18 June 1931 to 18 March 1934), LTC Oliver S. Wood (19 March 1934 to 16 June 1934), COL Samuel T. Mackall (17 June 1934 to 12 February 1936), COL Charles S. Hamilton (13 February 1936 to 20 February 1938), COL William A. Alfonte (21 February 1938 to 30 October 1938), COL Jesse C. Drain (31 October 1938 to __________), COL Alan MacLean (_______ – November 1950), LTC Michael Infanti (2005 – 10 December 2007), LTC Richard G. Greene, Jr. (10 December 2007 – 29 September 2010), LTC Robert M. Ryan (29 September 2010 – 5 June 2012). In 1958, the 2d Battle Group 31st Infantry was formed at Fort Rucker, Alabama, planting the proud regiment's flag on the U.S. homeland for the first time in its history. 113 (4 March 1951). The division was the first units of the ROK Army to be attacked by the North Koreans on June 25, 1950. In September and October 2001, the Polar Bears were once again called to arms to participate in the nation's War on Terror. A Company. 2nd … In May 2003, C/4-31 and the battalion's Mortar Platoon deployed to the Horn of Africa to conduct operations in Djibouti and Ethiopia in support of Operation Enduring Freedom for CJTF Horn of Africa. However that unit's existence was short-lived, being consolidated with its sister regiment the 22nd Infantry (also formed out of the 13th) in the 1869 reorganization. THE LOSS MAJOR OREN C. ATCHLEY, MEDICAL SERVICE CORPS COMMANDING OFFICER, 7TH MEDICAL BATTALION, 7TH INFANTRY DIVISION 24 NOVEMBER 1950. Korean Service Medal . Camp Page 2nd Battalion, 1st Infantry 1966. In January 1946, General MacArthur restored his former guard of honor to active service at Seoul, Korea, assigning the 31st to the 7th Infantry Division. previous During this deployment, the regiment recommended one Medal of Honor and 15 Distinguished Service Crosses. 4–31 IN returned to FT Drum at the end of June 2010 in accordance with President Obama's pledge that all combat troops would be out of Iraq by the end of August. Its mission was to prevent allied war material left on Vladivostok's docks from being looted. At around midnight on 29 November, the Chinese renewed the offensive. The division was the first unit of the ROK Army to be attacked by the North Koreans on June 25, 1950. Kim Jae-joong-Wikipedia. The most significant event for the battalion was during the first ever Iraqi national elections, when TF 4–31 provided polling centers in the Kadhamiya area with security and other force protection measures. For the next 2 years the 31st Infantry performed occupation duty in central Korea, facing the Soviet Army across the 38th Parallel. 1953 . The column was a group of CCF soldiers, which opened fire and mortally wounded MacLean. After two years of patrolling against North Korean … After landing in northern and southern Luzon, the Japanese pushed rapidly toward Manila, routing hastily formed Philippine Army units that had little training and few heavy weapons. The 31st Regimental Combat Team (RCT) was a regimental size task force that was constituted from elements of the 31st and 32d Regiments and other elements of the 7th Infantry Division and X Corps on the east coast of Korea beginning on 24 November 1950. After the Inchon and Suwon-Osan operations, the 31st boarded transports at Pusan in October and took part in the landings at Iwon, North Korea, on 3 November in an effort to cut off retreating enemy troops. The regiment also served as the honor guard of U.S. forces in the Philippine Department. 1st Battalion remained in Korea until its inactivation in 1987, having never served in the United States. When hostilities broke out between Japanese and Chinese forces in Shanghai in early 1932, the 31st Infantry was sent to reinforce the 4th Marine Regiment in the International Settlement of Shanghai. Roughly half of the 1600 members of the 31st Infantry who surrendered at Bataan perished while prisoners of the Japanese. Under orders of strict neutrality, American soldiers were not to interfere in Russian internal affairs as stated by President Wilson unless attacked by an armed force. When MG King announced he would surrender the Bataan Defense Force on 9 April 1942, the 31st Infantry buried its colors and the cherished Shanghai Bowl to keep them out of enemy hands. Five days later, the regiment first encountered Chinese Communist Forces (CCF) near the Pujon Reservoir. The 31st Infantry was far from finished. On 26-28 September, 2d Battalion, with the support of 3d Battalion and tanks from the 73d Tank Battalion, attacked enemy positions on the hills near the village of Osan, ten miles south of Suwon. The 31st Infantry Regiment was formed at Fort William McKinley, Philippine Islands on 13 August 1916 from cadre from the 8th, 13th, 15th, and 27th Infantry Regiments. The large silver punch bowl and its matching cups were made in 1932 by a Shanghai silversmith, fashioned from approximately 1,600 silver US Trade Dollars that were collected from the officers of the unit. Of the task force’s original complement of nearly 3300 men, only 385 of those who reached Marine lines at Hagaru-ri from the inlet were unwounded. The artifacts were finally retrieved in 1945. As a result of the rapid retreat, many units were forced to abandon crucial supplies and heavy weapons. In late April 1967, 4/31 Infantry was reassigned to the newly activated 23d Infantry Division (Americal), operating in Quang Ngai, Chu Lai, and the Que Son Valley for the rest of the war. Earl R. Short (who had buried it) after his release from a POW camp, and Col. Niederpreum. The 31st Infantry covered the withdrawal of American and Philippine forces to the Bataan Peninsula. By the time of liberation in September 1945, over 1,000 soldiers of the 31st Infantry died in captivity, including most of the regiment’s officers and senior noncommissioned officers. E, 23d Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division, gave his life in Changbong-ni, Korea fighting for the liberation of the Korean people. By the summer of 1951, the line stabilized near the war's start point along the 38th Parallel. Of the original fifty officers and 1,000 soldiers of the 3/31 Infantry during the Chosin operation, only two officers and 100 enlisted men reached the coast. United Nations Service Medal. Branch of Service: Army. The bowl now sits in the headquarters building of the regiment's only remaining battalion: the 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment, at Fort Drum, New York. In an effort to revive the Eastern Front, secure Allied supply caches and the crucial Trans-Siberian railway, and rescue the beleaguered pro-Western Czechoslovak Legion, Allied leaders convinced President Woodrow Wilson to assist in organizing expeditions to North Russia and Eastern Siberia.  31st Infantry Regiment (Uni The Polar Bears earned two Silver Stars and the battalion was awarded a Valorous Unit Award. 30. Alerted on 25 June 1944 for movement to Aitape, the 124th RCT left Oro Bay and landed at Aitape, New Guinea, 3-6 July 1944. also has 86 Distinguished Service Crosses. Medical Detachment, 31st Division Artillery . Although adjacent parts of Shanghai were demolished by fierce fighting between Japanese and Chinese troops, the International Settlement remained an island of security. In addition, a large number of troops lost limbs due to frostbite. In Korea the Intelligence/Operations Officer was Young-Oak Kim, who was later promoted to command the 1st Battalion. Japanese landings on 10 Dcember encountered little resistance from the lightly-armed Filipino reservists. K Mag Advancement Group, 1945-1955. On the night of 24 September, elements of the North Korean 105th Armored Division attacked the regiment’s 2d Battalion on Hill 142 near the Suwon airfield, but were repulsed with the help of artillery support. 1st Battalion, now the 1st Battle Group, remained with the 7th Infantry Division in Korea; 2d Battle Group was activated in March 1958 at Fort Rucker, Alabama, and marked the first time an element of the 31st Infantry was posted in the United States. Sergeant Paine located several enemy positions on a hillside form which automatic-weapons and small-arms were firing. , source: 17th Anniversary Organization Day, 13 August 1933 TF 4–31 returned to Fort Drum in June 2005, where they continued to train and prepare for the next call to battle. Elements of the 31st Infantry took part in operations around the Chosin Reservoir in late November as part of the 31st Regimental Combat Team (RCT), commanded by Colonel Alan D. MacLean. The 31st Inf. Soldiers. Alfredo Cuevaf.  Remaining in Vietnam, the 6th Battalion crossed into Cambodia in May 1970, making the famed "Seminole Raid" to seize and destroy a huge enemy base area bordering the Plain of Reeds. In 1957, as a result of the Army’s institution of the “Pentomic Division, infantry regiments underwent a significant transformation as battalions were reorganized and redesignated as battle groups. Believing it to be 2/31 Infantry, MacLean ran out to try and prevent its destruction. at Pork Chop Hill was the Kagnew Battalion. After a two-month search, the prized bowl and cups were recovered with only a small dent on the side of the bowl. In 1967, the battalion moved north to help form the 23d "Americal" Infantry Division. The 31st Infantry Regiment ("Polar Bears") of the United States Army was formed on 13 August 1916, and was part of USAFFE's Philippine Division during World War II. After deploying to Afghanistan in early 2002, 4th Battalion took part in Operation ANACONDA in the Shah-i-Kot Valley in March of that same year. 6/31 Infantry remained in Vietnam with the division’s 3d Brigade and earned a well-deserved reputation for combat prowess. For its service in Siberia, the 31st Infantry became known as "the Polar Bear regiment", adopting a silver polar bear as its insignia. Our funding helps to acquire and conserve Army historical art and artifacts, support Army history educational programs, research, and publication of historical materials on the American Soldier, and provide support and counsel to private and governmental organizations committed to the same goals. During the Russian Revolution, on 13 August 1918, the 31st moved from Manila's tropics to the bitter cold of Siberia as part of the American Expeditionary Force Siberia. Leaving Japan on 11 September, the 31st took part in the successful amphibious landing at Inchon on 16 September. Edwards' citation reads as follows: Sfc. Lieutenant Colonel Don Faith assumed command of the task force, now called Task Force Faith. The 31st Infantry was a part of American Expeditionary Forces Siberia (AEFS) that included the 27th Infantry Regiment and several support units under the command of Major General William S. Graves. A/4-31 and HHC/4-31 deployed to Camp Phoenix in Kabul, Afghanistan to conduct security operations for CJTF-Phoenix which was training the Afghan National Army (ANA). An example of courage shown by unit members is the DSC awarded to Sergeant George H. Paine: Citation: The Distinguished Service Cross is awarded to Sergeant George H. Paine, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving with Company H, 31st Infantry Regiment, Seventh Infantry Division, on 30 November 1950, near Koto-ri, Korea. The regiment suffered its first battle casualties on 29 August 1918, in action near Ugolnaya. From Maryland to Kuwait, Qatar and Uzbekistan the 31st protected American forces and facilities from terrorist attack. During this action Sergeant Paine was mortally wounded while fiercely resisting enemy forces counterattacking in an attempt to retain the hilltop. In addition, the battalion also assisted in improving the community by building schools, roads, canals, and other infrastructure. In January 1946, General MacArthur restored his former guard of honor to active service at Seoul, Korea, assigning the 31st to the 7th Infantry Division. The 31st moved from Fort William McKinley to Manila, and there set sail for Vladivostok, Siberia, arriving on 21 August. Company B, 4th Battalion, deployed in March 2003 to provide base defense and conduct combat operations as a part of Combined Joint Task Force-Arabian Peninsula. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation. Less than a year after the 31st’s formation, the United States entered World War I in April 1917. In early 1967, it participated in Operation GADSDEN to prevent Viet Cong (VC) guerrillas from freely crossing the South Vietnamese-Cambodian border. Combat activity, at this time, was minimal. Perhaps of note, the Shanghai Bowl was later recovered due to the efforts of Cpt. Fully assembling in Japan before landing in Wonsan to defend the X Corps evacuation from the east coast, the 3d Division remained in the war for the duration. Comprised of soldiers from the 8th, 13th, 15th, and 27th Infantry Regiments, the 31st was formed on 13 August 1916 at Fort William McKinley in Manila, the capital of the Philippines. 5 during the Korean War and 2 during the Vietnam War. After the Japanese struck the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on 7 December 1941, Japanese planes struck American aircraft at Clark and Iba Fields on the morning of 8 December, destroying most of MacArthur’s airpower. Soldiers from the 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment at Nui Cho Mountain. The most recent unit designated 31st Infantry is one of a few Regular Army units constituted and organized outside of the United States. Pulling units headquartered throughout the United States and the 65th Infantry from Puerto Rico, the 3d Divisions rapid response to Korea earned it the title of Fire Brigade. Two of the battalion's members earned the Medal of Honor almost a year apart near the bitterly-contested village of Hiep Duc. It has seen continuous service since its organization in 1917 during World War I. After Vietnam, the 31st Infantry underwent another period of reorganization. Osan Air Base, 38th Air Defense Artillery Brigade 1972. U.S. Army. For the next two years, the 6th Battalion fought all across the Mekong Delta and the Plain of Reeds. Twenty-nine of the regiment's members earned the Distinguished Service Cross and one was recommended for the Medal of Honor, but the entire chain of command died in captivity before the medal recommendation could be formally submitted. The 31st RCT was comprised of 2d and 3d Battalions of the 31st Infantry (2/31 Infantry, 3/31 Infantry; 1st Battalion, 32d Infantry (1/32 Infantry); 57th Field Artillery Battalion; and 31st Tank Company. In 1999, 4th Battalion deployed to Bosnia-Herzegovina as a part of Task Force Eagle. Date of Loss: May 2, 1953. Company C was one of the units identified as having deployed. During the Siberian deployment, 30 soldiers of the 31st Infantry were killed and some 60 troops were wounded in action. Returning to Pusan in late December 1950, the 31st Infantry participated in counteroffensive operations in central Korea throughout most of 1951. The 1st Battle Group, 31st Infantry, representing the only regiment that had never served in the continental United States, remained in Korea with the 7th Infantry Division. Disease such as malaria and dysentery became rampant on both sides, particularly the Americans and Filipinos when medical supplies were exhausted. The 31st Infantry Division arrived in Oro Bay, New Guinea, 24 April 1944, and engaged in amphibious training prior to entering combat. For its service in Siberia, the regiment was nicknamed the “Polar Bear” regiment; in October 1921, a polar bear emblem was incorporated into the regimental insignia. In January 1920, President Wilson, under pressure from Congress and a war weary public, ordered all forces in Siberia be withdrawn. In August 1969, most of the 9th Division departed Vietnam in August 1969. The 31st Division as an active service formation was then reflagged as the 8th Infantry Division on June 15, 1954. As American and Filipino forces on Bataan surrendered to the Japanese on 9 April, remnants of the 31st escaped to Corregidor aboard the gunboat USS Mindanao, with the regimental colors and the prized Shanghai Bowl. The 1st Battalion, 32d Infantry became the first CONUS based infantry battalion to deploy to the Republic of Korea during TEAM SPIRIT 80 since the Korean War. 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