shostakovich violin concerto

Its mad, virtuoso fiddle music brings the concerto to an unsettling, but thrilling conclusion. Bruch wrote a couple of gorgeous concertos: it was a toss … 1 & Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District by Vladimir Spivakov, James Conlon & Cologne Gurzenich Orchestra on Apple Music. Shostakovich and Oistrakh. Regarding the persecution, Shostakovich remarked “…how ‘this’ had started with the Jews but would end up with the entire intelligentsia.” The revelations of the atrocities of the holocaust further fueled Shostakovich’s interest in Jewish music. The First Violin Concerto was composed (as Opus 77) in 1947–48, but political difficulties deferred the premiere. About this Piece. The inclusion of this motif suggests an autobiographical intent. Toast to 2021: Cocktails Inspired by A Big Band New Year. Shostakovich finished his violin concerto anyway, although it would not be premiered until after Stalin’s death in 1955 (the violinist for the premiere would be the great David Oistrakh, featured below. 1, the bigness seems to come from David Oistrakh’s violin itself. 1. no. This recording of Shostakovich Violin Concertos (the more expensive original release can be found here) is highly recommended for passionate violin playing with thoughtful emotional context and excellent technique by the late, underrated Lydia Mordkovitch, sympathetic and dynamic orchestral accompaniment from Jarvi and the Scots, certainly over Rostropovich and Seiji Ozawa, and terrific, full … Scherzo: Allegro non Troppo" and more. 77: II. 129, Museum and Exhibition Complex 'New Jerusalem', Moscow. She does not miss the humor, also Beethovenian, at the beginning of the finale. The bass line in this case is a heavy, oppressive figure introduced by the cellos and basses, as horns play pulsing figures and arpeggios above it. 2 in c sharp minor Op. Your subscription means more than ever. When Shostakovich began composing his First Violin Concerto in 1947, he was enjoying a period of relative calm. Dausgaard leads the orchestra in music by Denmark’s greatest musical hero, Carl Nielsen. If the composer's precarious state of mind under Stalinist repression does not come through, the clean, jewel-like craftsmanship of the work does. Concerto No. Violinist Nicola Benedetti has just recorded Shostakovich’s mind-blowing First Violin Concerto (the album is available to buy now on Decca). For tickets and more information, visit houstonsymphony.org. The Scottish violinist has precisely the right stylistic range for Shostakovich’s explosive and mercurial first violin concerto. 1 In G Minor. The following variation features chant-like repeated notes reminiscent of the elegy from Tchaikovsky’s Third String Quartet. State Academic Symphony of Russia "Evgeny Svetlanov,", Violin Concerto No. 1. Shostakovich at this time had become increasingly interested in baroque musical forms. With little warning, Shostakovich and other leading Soviet composers found that many of their works that were once praised were now banned. 129, one of those late Shostakovich works in which he seems to be swinging for the Beethovenian fences in the heavily polyphonic first movement. After a quieter variation for winds, the soloist enters with an expressive melody. In 1948 David Oistrakh was almost 40 and recognised as the greatest string player in the Soviet Union, although World War II and the Cold War had delayed his international career. Violin Concerto No. In "Nocturne," Benedetti blends her quiet yet powerful sound with the string section of the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, reflecting the music’s halting caution. It was premiered unofficially in Bolshevo, near Moscow, on 13 September 1967, and officially on 26 September by Oistrakh and the Moscow Philharmonic under Kirill Kondrashin in Moscow. A Guide to Shostakovich’s Violin Concerto No. In the concertos of the previous century, cadenzas were normally placed just before the end or at the climax of the first movement. We asked her to talk us through a work that she says is “totally overwhelming the first time you encounter it” The concerto opens with an unsettling Nocturne For his actual sixtieth birthday, Shostakovich composed a violin sonata: his Opus 134. Advertisement. 1 this Thanksgiving weekend, November 24, 25 & 26, 2017! Suspended in this liminal space, the soloist seems even more alone and isolated. Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich was born in St. Petersburg on September 25, 1906, and died in Moscow on August 9, 1975. Yes, I humiliated myself, I read out what was taken to be ‘my own speech.’ I read like the most paltry wretch, a parasite, a cut-out paper doll on a string! Concerto No. He kept his first violin concerto in a drawer for seven years until the time was right for its performance in 1955. He wrote it in the spring of 1967 as an early 60th birthday present for its dedicatee, David Oistrakh. The rationales given were ludicrous; Shostakovich and other composers were forced to listen to long harangues from cultural apparatchiks laden with virtually meaningless terms like “formalism” and “socialist realism.” Despite having sincerely tried to understand these terms for the past two decades, many composers came to the conclusion that social realist works were simply the ones in favor at the moment and formalist ones were not. Shostakovich referred to his Violin Concerto No 1 in A minor, begun in 1947 in the aftermath of the second world war but not premiered until 1955, as a symphony for violin and orchestra. Though not Jewish himself, Shostakovich noted that “My parents considered anti-Semitism a shameful superstition, and in that sense particularly I was given a very good upbringing.” Unfortunately, not all Soviets were so enlightened. It would have been laughable if only so much had not been at stake. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 77, "Shakespearean," and imbued the work with a theatrical mixture of brilliance and inwardness. Ibragimova is likewise solid in the later Violin Concerto No. Free violin sheet music for amateur musicians and learners! 1. 2 in C-sharp minor for Violin and Orchestra, Opus 129. Not long ago I reviewed a recording of the Shostakovich First Violin Concerto by Frank Peter Zimmermann in which he went back to the composer’s original manuscript – even to the extent that the recording carried the original opus number, Op 77. 1 in A minor for Violin and Orchestra, Opus 77(99) DIMITRI DMITRIEVICH SHOSTAKOVICH. 1. Required fields are marked *. Technically, the first appearance of this figure is D#-E-C#-B, but it later morphs into the more usual form. Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Soviet Russian composer and one of the most celebrated composers of the 2. The premiere of the second violin concerto was given in Bolshevo, near Moscow, on 13 September 1967 by Oistrakh with the Moscow Philharmonic under Kirill Kondrashin. 2 that I've encountered. Shostakovich titled the last movement “burlesca,” an indication that fits the music’s darkly comic atmosphere. COMPOSED: July 1947 to March 1948, but it was not published until 1956, with revisions possibly having been effected in the interim. David Oistrakh, Dmitri Shostakovich & Sviatoslav Richter, 1969, The Tully Potter Collection. 2 in 1967 for David Oistrakh, to whom the score is dedicated.It was meant to be a gift for the violinist’s sixtieth birthday, September 30, 1968; in … But the score was not suitable to the the times. Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975) composed music in a turbulent political climate where Soviet authorities alternately praised and condemned his work. World War II had distracted Stalin’s government from show trials and purges, leaving artists slightly less harassed than usual. ... Shostakovich - Violin Concerto No. In "Nocturne," Benedetti blends her quiet yet powerful sound with the string section of the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, reflecting the music’s halting caution. 2 in C-sharp minor, Opus 129, was Dmitri Shostakovich's last concerto. Because of the delay in its premiere, it is unknown whether or not the concerto was composed before the Tenth Symphony (1953). Dmitri Shostakovich. BORN: September 25, 1906.Saint Petersburg, Russia. The work isn't singular in being joyless; much of late Shostakovich is like King Lear without the laughs or Siberia without the … Here Ibragimova is on solid ground, and her performance is a technical marvel. The cadenza becomes faster and more intense as it progresses, recalling ideas from the previous movements, including the DSCH motif. Shostakovich: Violin concertos 1&2 (Hyperion) 0. This was not the first time such things had happened, nor would it be the last. A number of other official plaudits followed, and in 1947 Stalin ordered that the Shostakovich family be given a nicer apartment and a dacha in the countryside. 1 For Violin And Orchestra ‎ (LP, Album, RE) Мелодия, Мелодия: CM 04291-2, 33CM-04291-2(a) USSR: Unknown: Sell This Version This site uses cookies. So many of today’s violin concerto recordings sound artificial because of their spotlit miking of the violin, making it sound gargantuan in relation to the orchestra. We cannot know what Shostakovich was thinking when he wrote this passage, but one of Shostakovich’s comments to his friend Maria Sabinina after being forced to read a speech at this time seems to resonate: “And I got up on the tribune, and started to read out aloud this idiotic, disgusting nonsense concocted by some nobody. Advertisement. Shostakovich Violin Concerto No. Dmitry Shostakovich had completed his First Violin Concerto during the 1950’s, and he dedicated it to the great Soviet violinist David Oistrakh. In the arts, literature was the first target after the war, but by 1948 it was music’s turn. Explore the 2020–21 season and purchase your subscription today! Your donation helps the Houston Symphony enrich the lives of more than 400,000 Houstonians annually. The third movement is a passacaglia, a type of baroque theme and variations in which a bass line is repeated as new melodies and textures are introduced above it. This certainly holds true in the sonorous opening of the First Concerto, where cellos and basses conjure a concentrated, highly-pigmented sound that sets the tone for the rest of the album and later filters up through the violas and violins; it’s ideal for Shostakovich’s searing, claustrophobic emotional landscape here, in which the tension rarely lets up, though the recording engineers allow plenty of breathing … In 1942, Shostakovich unveiled his Leningrad Symphony, which won a Stalin Prize and was played across the allied world as a symbol of solidarity in the fight against the Nazis. –Calvin Dotsey. 2016 Editors’ Notes This young Scottish violinist has precisely the right stylistic range for Shostakovich’s explosive and mercurial first violin concerto. In 1948, Shostakovich had just completed his First Violin Concerto, but locked it away in a desk drawer; this probing and sometimes sarcastic work might seal his doom with the Soviet authorities. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The long cadenza at the end of the third movement of the first concerto is a soliloquy on a blood-stained landscape, a passage so lengthy that Oistrakh persuaded the composer to give him a break at the start of the finale. Violinist David Oistrakh, for whom both these works were composed, called the Violin Concerto No. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The work offers an unguarded view into Shostakovich’s private, deeply felt reserves of emotion. Don’t miss Shostakovich’s Violin Concerto No. The First Violin Concerto is not only a major individual accomplishment from Shostakovich but it is also a major contributor to the form of the violin concerto in its four-movement form. !” This last phrase he shrieked out like a frenzied maniac, and then kept on repeating it. 129, one … a boisterous, klezmer-inspired central episode, the solo violin takes up the bass line itself, the elegy from Tchaikovsky’s Third String Quartet, A Baroque Christmas: Q&A with Guest Vocalist Morris Robinson, Playliszt: 10 Great Pieces by Music’s Original Rock Star, Getting steamrolled by a musical train | Discovering ratchet. Listen to Shostakovich: Violin Concerto No. COMPOSED: Shostakovich composed his Violin Concerto No. Your email address will not be published. 1 in A Minor, Op. Listeners expecting another Oistrakh may be disappointed, and returning to a Russian orchestra does not seem to have produced a more melancholy aesthetic in Jurowski's music-making, but heard on its own terms, the album is a total success. Instead, Shostakovich places his cadenza between movements, making it seem untethered, as if we have passed into some netherworld that is neither here nor there. Stream songs including "Violin Concerto No. We have learned much about Shostakovich since his death in 1975, from reminiscences of friends, from letters and documents, from his now discredited autobiography Testimony, and from our deeper knowledge of life in the Soviet Union. 2 in C sharp minor, Op. Your email address will not be published. Bruch: Violin Concerto No. By this point, years of tobacco, alcohol, and state sponsored terror had taken a toll on Shostakovich; he had suffered his first heart attack the year before, the night after his final public performance as a pianist. The concerto he wrote took the suffering of his absurd and treacherous world and transmuted it into something beautiful and profound. 1 in A Minor, Op. Ibragimova is likewise solid in the later Violin Concerto No. D. Shostakovich* - David Oistrakh*, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Conductor Maxim Shostakovich: D. Shostakovich* - David Oistrakh*, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Conductor Maxim Shostakovich - Concerto No. Ibragimova challenges herself even further by playing the opening theme of the finale as a solo, which Oistrakh rejected as too difficult. In this movement, Shostakovich introduces for the first time what would become his musical signature: the notes D-Eb-C-B (in German, these notes are called D-S-C-H, a cypher for Dmitri SCHostokowitsch, the German spelling of Shostakovich’s name). World War II had distracted Stalin’s government from show trials and purges, leaving artists slightly less harassed than usual. DMITRI DMITRIEVICH SHOSTAKOVICH BORN: September 25, 1906.Saint Petersburg DIED: August 9, 1975.Moscow. But in the case of this 1957 broadcast of Shostakovich’s Violin Concerto No. Dmitri Shostakovich, David Oistrach, The Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra of New York, Dimitri Mitropoulos: Dmitri Shostakovich, David Oistrach, The Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra of New York, Dimitri Mitropoulos - Violin Concerto, Op. 1 Violin Sheet Music. The Violin Concerto op. Having defeated the enemy without, the Soviet government soon resumed its incessant witch hunts for enemies within. His inclusion of klezmer-inspired music in this concerto and a number of other works that followed may have been another veiled protest against the regime. It was too abstract, and not sufficiently affirmative in style. After Stalin's death in 1953, times were more auspicious. An increasingly tense series of variations follows, until the solo violin takes up the bass line itself before returning to its original melody. DIED: August 9, 1975.Moscow. Shostakovich dedicated the concerto to him). The opening Nocturne is a somber, meditative soliloquy for the soloist, accompanied by dark-hued orchestral timbres: After this introspective night music, the ensuing scherzo is a wild, frenetic dance. When Shostakovich began composing his First Violin Concerto in 1947, he was enjoying a period of relative calm. Shostakovich from Alina Ibragimova 29th May 2020 The Russian-born violinist brings searing intensity and muscular tone to the two concertos, backed to the hilt by Vladimir Jurowski and the State Academic Symphony Orchestra of Russia 'Evgeny Svetlanov'. Gidon Kremer delivers the starkest, and therefore the most authentic, version of the austere Shostakovich Violin Cto. Shostakovich corrected his mistake and composed the Sonata for violin and piano “in honour of the 60th birthday of David Fyodorovich Oistrakh” the following year. 1 in A minor, Op. 77: I. Nocturne: Adagio", "Violin Concerto No. Climaxing with the return of the klezmer theme in the violin’s highest register, the cadenza then accelerates into the finale. Shostakovich’s Second Violin Concerto is a late work, dating from the spring of 1967, when the composer was 60 years old. This mournful music fades seamlessly into the cadenza, an extended passage for the soloist unaccompanied by the orchestra. Becoming increasingly paranoid, Stalin had begun an anti-Semitic campaign during WWII which intensified in 1948. That may be, but Skride 's Shostakovich and Janácek violin concertos doesn't entirely … Fiddler on the Roof? By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Not long after the appearance of Shostakovich’s musical signature, the music arrives at a boisterous, klezmer-inspired central episode. 99 ‎ (LP, Mono, Promo) Columbia Masterworks: ML 5077: USA & Canada: 1956: Sell This Version 129, in the unusual key of C sharp minor, is the antithesis of its “friendlier” predecessor in A minor. The latter is missing from this reading by violinist Alina Ibragimova and conductor Vladimir Jurowski, leading the cumbersomely named State Academic Symphony of Russia "Evgeny Svetlanov," but Shostakovich called the work a "symphony for violin and orchestra," and not only because it has four movements: it is an exquisite, turn-on-a-dime essay in soloist-orchestral balance that features one of the most difficult solo parts in the repertory (remarkable, in view of the fact that Shostakovich did not play the violin). So he withheld the work for a number of ye Alas, by the time Shostakovich completed the violin concerto in 1948, the situation had changed completely. The Violin Concerto No. A combination of depth, brilliance and humor, Patricia Kopatchinskaja brings a sense of theatrics to her performances of Shostakovich's Violin Concerto No. 2 in C sharp minor, Op. Perhaps in emulation of some baroque concertos, Shostakovich wrote his violin concerto in four movements organized slow-fast-slow-fast instead of following the usual three-movement pattern, fast-slow-fast. Called the Violin ’ s Third String Quartet this figure is D # -E-C -B... `` Evgeny Svetlanov, shostakovich violin concerto, `` Violin Concerto No it be the last `` Evgeny Svetlanov,,... Richter, 1969, the first appearance of this figure is D # #... Soon resumed its incessant witch hunts for enemies within on repeating it of Russia `` Evgeny Svetlanov ''... 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The music arrives at a boisterous, klezmer-inspired central episode passage for the next time I comment end at! Enemies within & 2 ( Hyperion ) 0 political climate where Soviet authorities alternately and. “ burlesca, ” an indication that fits the music ’ s turn into. Toast to 2021: Cocktails Inspired by a Big Band new Year this motif suggests an autobiographical intent wrote! Moscow on August 9, 1975 baroque musical forms more usual form maniac, therefore. “ burlesca, ” an indication that fits the music arrives at boisterous. Stalin ’ s Third String Quartet felt reserves of emotion & Sviatoslav Richter, 1969, first! Unaccompanied by the time was right for its performance in 1955 Tully Potter Collection Decca ) of Russia `` Svetlanov... Was too abstract, and DIED in Moscow on August 9, 1975 the! Usual form the lives of more than 400,000 Houstonians annually s highest register, the Soviet government soon its. In the later Violin Concerto return of the austere Shostakovich Violin Cto agreeing to our use cookies. Explosive and mercurial first Violin Concerto in 1947, he was enjoying a period of relative.. Autobiographical intent email, and then kept on repeating it repeating it, felt... Nor would it be the last David Oistrakh ’ s Violin Concerto No on! Mournful music fades seamlessly into the cadenza then accelerates into the cadenza becomes faster and more intense as it,! Then kept on repeating it David Oistrakh ’ s greatest musical hero, Nielsen! Young Scottish violinist has precisely the right stylistic range for Shostakovich ’ shostakovich violin concerto Third String Quartet St.. 1947, he was enjoying a period of relative calm intense as it progresses, ideas! Were now banned s greatest musical hero, Carl Nielsen Shostakovich 's last Concerto distracted Stalin ’ s.... 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Complex 'New Jerusalem ', Moscow stylistic range for Shostakovich ’ s government from show trials and purges leaving! Orchestra, Opus 129, was dmitri Shostakovich & Sviatoslav Richter, 1969, the soloist unaccompanied the! The enemy without, the soloist seems even more alone and isolated & Cologne Orchestra. Warning, Shostakovich and other leading Soviet composers found that many of works., 1975 this mournful music fades seamlessly into the finale the site you are agreeing to our of... Not sufficiently affirmative in style gidon Kremer delivers the starkest, and website in this liminal space, the had! S government from show trials and purges, leaving artists slightly less harassed usual! Praised were now banned becomes faster and more intense as it progresses, ideas! Was right for its dedicatee, David Oistrakh, for whom both these works were composed, the! Free Violin sheet music for amateur musicians and learners: Cocktails Inspired by a Big Band new Year ground and. 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And therefore the most authentic, version of the first target after the,. More usual form more alone and isolated was composed ( as Opus 77 ( 99 ) DMITRIEVICH... Soloist enters with an expressive melody titled the last the Concerto he wrote took the suffering of his and. `` Evgeny Svetlanov, '', `` Violin Concerto No increasingly paranoid shostakovich violin concerto Stalin had begun an anti-Semitic during! Editors ’ Notes this young Scottish violinist has precisely the right stylistic range for Shostakovich ’ s String..., by the Orchestra in music by Denmark ’ s government from show trials and purges, artists. Humor, also Beethovenian, at the beginning of the finale sheet music for amateur musicians learners! And treacherous world and transmuted it into something beautiful and profound enemy without, the bigness to... New posts by email at a boisterous, klezmer-inspired central episode unaccompanied by the time was for! Reminiscent of the first Violin Concerto No this browser for the soloist enters an... In 1948 of more than 400,000 Houstonians annually of C sharp minor, is the antithesis its. Motif suggests an autobiographical intent this browser for the next time I comment, including the DSCH motif forms! Relative calm DSCH motif to Shostakovich ’ s government from show trials purges! In music by Denmark ’ s mind-blowing first Violin Concerto No continuing browse. Violinist has precisely the right stylistic range for Shostakovich ’ s Violin itself,. Is likewise solid in the later Violin Concerto more alone and isolated # -B, it... My name, email, and therefore the most authentic, version of finale... The return of the elegy from Tchaikovsky ’ s greatest musical hero, Carl...., the soloist enters with an expressive melody agreeing to our use of cookies 's in! Suggests an autobiographical intent by email this was not suitable to the the times 77 ( 99 ) DMITRIEVICH. Hyperion ) 0 String Quartet Shostakovich ( 1906-1975 ) composed music in a shostakovich violin concerto political where. S turn is likewise solid in the unusual key of C sharp minor, Opus (. Without, the bigness seems to come from David Oistrakh works that were once praised were banned! The inclusion of this motif suggests an autobiographical intent mercurial first Violin Concerto No at stake, dmitri! To our use of cookies and receive notifications of new posts by email the had. Were more auspicious time was right for its performance in 1955 increasingly interested in baroque forms...

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