pyelo medical term
The term is from Greek πύελο|ς pýelo|s, "basin" + νεφρ|ός nepʰrós, "kidney" + suffix -itis suggesting "inflammation". Hospital-acquired infections may be due to coliform bacteria and enterococci, as well as other organisms uncommon in the community (e.g., Pseudomonas aeruginosa and various species of Klebsiella). Since the advent of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) … Clothing Descriptions. Vesico- definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. It is found in roughly 20% of specimens from surgically managed cases of pyelonephritis. Oral beta-lactam antibiotics are less effective than other available agents for treatment of pyelonephritis.  Young women are most often affected. Oral trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole is an appropriate choice for therapy if the bacteria is known to be susceptible. In men, 2–3 cases per 10,000 are treated as outpatients and 1– cases/10,000 require admission. Definition of Pyelo. Look up information on diseases, tests, and procedures; then consult the database with 5,000+ drugs or refer to 65,000+ dictionary terms. , Chronic pyelonephritis with reduced kidney size and focal cortical thinning. , pyel-. Body System: Urinary.  If intravenous therapy is chosen, single daily dosing with aminoglycosides is safe and effective. pyelonephritis, pyelogram. Create. the most reliable test for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis. Search pyelo- and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Urine cultures are positive in 90 percent of patient… form representing Greek pýelos basin, on the model of the New Latin use of Latin pelvis ] Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time.  It can present somewhat differently in children, in whom it may be mistaken for Wilms' tumor.. (anatomy, medicine, surgery) Forms terms relating to the renal pelvis, such as pyelonephritis, pyelography, and others. The second part of the word, -tomy, is a combining form meaning “cutting, incision.”. They usually clear up wit… Pyelonephritis can be … pyelo- a combining form meaning “pelvis”: pyelography. , Most cases of community-acquired pyelonephritis are due to bowel organisms that enter the urinary tract. kidney infection usually caused by bacteria that have traveled to the kidney from an infection in the bladder History and physical examination are the most useful tools for diagnosis. Investigations used in this setting include kidney ultrasonography or voiding cystourethrography. A similar term is "pyelitis", which means inflammation of the renal pelvis and calyces. For medical care please contact a qualified healthcare provider.  Intravenous fluids may be administered to compensate for the reduced oral intake, insensible losses (due to the raised temperature) and vasodilation and to optimize urine output. Search completed in 0.023 seconds. A perinephric abscess (infection around the kidney) and/or pyonephrosis may develop in severe cases of pyelonephritis.  Diagnosis is typically based on symptoms and supported by urinalysis. , Chronic pyelonephritis causes persistent flank or abdominal pain, signs of infection (fever, unintentional weight loss, malaise, decreased appetite), lower urinary tract symptoms and blood in the urine.  Watchful waiting with serial imaging may be appropriate in rare circumstances. The combination of the leukocyte esterase test and the nitrite test (with either test proving positive) has a sensitivity of 75 to 84 percent and a specificity of 82 to 98 percent for urinary tract infection.  Among people over the age of 65 the risk of death is about 40%. Pyelonephritis is inflammation of the kidney, typically due to a bacterial infection. Search. One medical term that features the combining form pyelo- is pyelotomy, “incision into the pelvis.”. Log in Sign up. These biofilm-producing E. coli are resistant to antibiotic therapy and immune system responses, and present a possible explanation for recurrent urinary tract infections, including pyelonephritis. This leaflet only deals with sudden-onset (acute) kidney infection in adults. [from Greek puelos trough, pan; in the sense: pelvis] ... or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. , Pyelonephritis may be preventable by urination after sex and drinking sufficient fluids. , Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is an unusual form of chronic pyelonephritis characterized by granulomatous abscess formation, severe kidney destruction, and a clinical picture that may resemble renal cell carcinoma and other inflammatory kidney parenchymal diseases. , Acute pyelonephritis is an exudative purulent localized inflammation of the renal pelvis (collecting system) and kidney. The diagnostic term Pyelo/nephr/itis literally means: potassium "K" loss through urinary system causing cause HBP an inflammation of the kidney and kidney pelvis the process of excess urination the process of making water or urine Look it up now!  Risk factors include sexual intercourse, prior urinary tract infections, diabetes, structural problems of the urinary tract, and spermicide use. If a pilonidal cyst becomes infected, the resulting abscess is often extremely painful. Specifically, the presence of nitrite and white blood cells on a urine test strip in patients with typical symptoms are sufficient for the diagnosis of pyelonephritis, and are an indication for empirical treatment.  Where available, a noncontrast helical CT scan with 5 millimeter sections is the diagnostic modality of choice in the radiographic evaluation of suspected nephrolithiasis. It can cause high fever, pain on passing urine, and abdominal pain that radiates along the flank towards the back.  With treatment, outcomes are generally good in young adults. Children with acute pyelonephritis can be treated effectively with oral antibiotics (cefixime, ceftibuten and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid) or with short courses (2 to 4 days) of intravenous therapy followed by oral therapy. Example: pyelophlebitis.  If trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole is used when the susceptibility is not known, it is useful to initiate treatment with a single intravenous dose of a long-acting antibiotic such as ceftriaxone or an aminoglycoside.  In areas where there is a higher prevalence of fluoroquinolone resistance, it is useful to initiate treatment with a single intravenous dose of a long-acting antibiotic such as ceftriaxone or an aminoglycoside, and then continuing treatment with a fluoroquinolone. Log in Sign up. [G. pyelos, trough, tub, vat] Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012. Pyoderma gangrenosum (pie-o-DUR-muh gang-ruh-NO-sum) is a rare condition that causes large, painful sores (ulcers) to develop on your skin, most often on your legs.The exact causes of pyoderma gangrenosum are unknown, but it appears to be a disorder of the immune system. 20181016. Pyel/o. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR-car , -gar , -zar verbs.  In those with certain structural problems of the urinary tract or kidney stones, surgery may be required.  However, ultrasound findings are seen in only 20% to 24% of people with pyelonephritis. , Pyelonephritis affects about 1 to 2 per 1,000 women each year and just under 0.5 per 1,000 males. Treatment is typically initiated with an intravenous fluoroquinolone, an aminoglycoside, an extended-spectrum penicillin or cephalosporin, or a carbapenem. Medical terms are used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology.  Drinking cranberry juice does not appear to provide much if any benefit in decreasing urinary tract infections. Colores. pyel-, pyelo-. pyelo-. , During the course of antibiotic treatment, serial white blood cell count and temperature are closely monitored. Combining form denoting the pelvis of the kidney. Pyelo- definition: denoting the renal pelvis | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples People who have certain underlying conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease or arthritis, are at higher risk of pyoderma gangrenosum.Pyoderma gangrenosum ulcers can develop quickly. Using Medical Terminology: A Practical Approach 2006 p.723, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "International clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis in women: A 2010 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the European Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases", "Urinary Tract Infection Common Clinical and Laboratory Features of Acute Pyelonephritis", "Diagnosis and management of acute pyelonephritis in adults", "Chapter 22: Pyelonephritis and other infections, reflux nephropathy, hydronephrosis, and nephrolithiasis", "Risk factors associated with acute pyelonephritis in healthy women", "International Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis and Pyelonephritis in Women: A 2010 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the European Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases", "Chapter 135: Approach to the Paient with Nephrolithiasis", "Medical Management of Common Urinary Calculi", "Ultrasonography of the Kidney: A Pictorial Review", "Pyelonephritis: Radiologic-Pathologic Review", "Chapter 18: Urinary Tract Infection in Women", "Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children", "Cranberries for preventing urinary tractinfections", "Population-based epidemiologic analysis of acute pyelonephritis", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pyelonephritis&oldid=996497080, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles needing additional references from July 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2011, Wikipedia medicine articles ready to translate, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Urination after sex, drinking sufficient fluids. pyelonephritis, pyelogram. It has a mucous membrane and is covered with transitional epithelium and an underlying lamina propria of loose-to-dense connective tissue..  CT scan or kidney ultrasonography is useful in the diagnosis of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis; serial imaging may be useful for differentiating this condition from kidney cancer. The renal pelvis or pelvis of the kidney is the funnel-like dilated part of the ureter in the kidney.In humans, the renal pelvis is the point where the two or three major calyces join together. Typically, the intravenous antibiotics are continued until the person has no fever for at least 24 to 48 hours, then equivalent antibiotics by mouth can be given for a total of two–week duration of treatment. There is often associated vomiting. The kidney parenchyma presents in the interstitium abscesses (suppurative necrosis), consisting in purulent exudate (pus): neutrophils, fibrin, cell debris and central germ colonies (hematoxylinophils). This is a great strategy for medical terminology as well. The medical term for this is acute pyelonephritis. Combining forms meaning pelvis, usually the renal pelvis. samsutton19963.  Symptoms most often include fever and flank tenderness. , Signs and symptoms of acute pyelonephritis generally develop rapidly over a few hours or a day. In the early stages, the glomerulus and vessels are normal.  Microscopically, there are granulomas and lipid-laden macrophages (hence the term xantho-, which means yellow in ancient Greek). Combining forms meaning pelvis, usually the renal pelvis. Nursing Central is an award-winning, complete mobile solution for nurses and students. Pyelo: a prefix that means that a term is related to the renal pelvis, e.g.  Risk is increased in the following situations:, Analysis of the urine may show signs of urinary tract infection. , If a kidney stone is suspected (e.g. This website is intended for use by medical professionals. This condition causes the kidneys to swell and can cause permanent damage. pyelo-or before a vowel pyel- combining form (Anatomy) denoting the renal pelvis: pyelonephritis. [< New Latin, comb. , Ultrasound findings that indicate pyelonephritis are enlargement of the kidney, edema in the renal sinus or parenchyma, bleeding, loss of corticomedullary differentiation, abscess formation, or an areas of poor blood flow on doppler ultrasound. Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions, p listing. Occasionally, surgical intervention is necessary to reduce the likelihood of recurrence.  Less often infection occurs through the bloodstream. A pilonidal cyst is almost always located near the tailbone at the top of the cleft of the buttocks.Pilonidal cysts usually occur when hair punctures the skin and then becomes embedded. Bacterial cultures of kidney tissue are almost always positive. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. 18 terms. , There are roughly 12–13 cases annually per 10,000 population in women receiving outpatient treatment and 3–4 cases requiring admission. Upgrade to remove ads. pyelo- before vowels pyel-, medical word-forming element, 19c., from Greek pyelos "oblong trough, bathing-tub," used for "pelvis." , It is typically due to a bacterial infection, most commonly Escherichia coli. Definition: renal pelvis.  E. coli can invade the superficial umbrella cells of the bladder to form intracellular bacterial communities (IBCs), which can mature into biofilms. Med Term CP Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Mechanical: any structural abnormalities in the urinary tract. Pyelo information including symptoms, causes, diseases, symptoms, treatments, and other medical and health issues. 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